The Verb. The Tense Forms in the Active Voice


Дієслово. Часові форми у активному стані

Tenses Indefinite / Continuous Active

1. Утворіть речення за поданими зразками. Зверніть увагу на утворення та вживання дієслова“ to be”.

1. Зразок:

а) Who are you ? – Petrov

I am Petrov.

Who are these ? – my friends.

These are my friends.

b) What are you ? – a student

I am a student.

What are they ? – biologists

They are biologists.

c) Where are you from ? – Odessa

I am (we are) from Odessa

1. Who is this ? – my brother, my aunt.

2. What are they ? – students, workers.

3. What is your friend ? – an engineer, a chemist.

4. Where is he from ? – our native city.

5. Where are they from ? – Ukraine, Russia.

2. Зразок: He is absent today.

Was he absent yesterday ?

He was not absent yesterday.

1. We are at the laboratory.

2. I am at home.

3. He is present at the conference.

4. They are in the garden.

5. You are very careful today.

3. Зразок: Are you a student ?

Not yet. I’ll be a student.

1. Is he an engineer ?

2. Are you a doctor ?

3. Is she a teacher ?

4. Are we in Tenistaya – street ?

5. Is this our station ?

4. Зразок: I, not, be, shall, late

I shall be not late.

1. the table, are, our books, on;

2. not, Ukrainian, he, of, a teacher, is;

3. yesterday, was, were, he ?

4. lectures, in, we, after, the library, were;

5. will, tomorrow, where, you, be ?

6. the classroom, be the students, in, will.

2. Утворіть речення за поданими зразками. Поставте дієслова у відповідній формі Continuous Active.

1.Зразок: He is a teacher of English ( to teach English)

He is teaching English

1. She is a writer ( to write books).

2. We are students (to study at the Academy).

3. You are a driver ( to drive a car).

4. They are workers (to work at the plant).

5. I am a gardener (to plant trees and flowers).

2.Зразок: He was translating the text.

Was he translating the text?

He was not translating the text.

1. I was writing a letter.

2. They were having dinner at home.

3. We were discussing this plan.

4. You were working in the library.

5. She was playing the piano.

3. Зразок: He will be writing this composition (we).

We will (shall) be writing this composition.

1. All our group will be working at the laboratory (she).

2. He will be working at his English (I).

3. We will (shall) be expecting him to lunch (you).

4. You will be playing football after classes (he).

5. I will (shall) be going home (you).

4. Зразок: Are you reading now? – to write.

I am not reading. I am writing.

1. Is he playing now? – to speak.

2. Are you standing now? – to sit.

3. Was it snowing? – to rain.

4. Were you going for a walk? – to stay at home.

5. Will they be discussing this problem? – to work at the laboratory.

Indefinite / Continuous Active

3. Утворіть речення за поданими зразками, вживаючи дієслова в Indefinite Active

1. Зразок: I speak English (he).

He speaks English too.

1. I understand you (he).

2. You do your home work (they).

3. We translate this text (he).

4. They listen to me (you).

5. She writes this exercise (we).

2. Зразок: What does a teacher do? (to teach).

He teaches.

1. What does a pianist do? (to play the piano).

2. What does a driver do? (to drive a car).

3. What do you do? (to study at the Academy).

4. What does your friend do? (to work at a plant)

5. What do they do? (to do an experiment).

3. Зразок: We wrote this exercise yesterday.

Did we write this exercise yesterday?

Yes, we did. No, we did not (didn’t).

1. He worked in the library yesterday.

2. They studied at the Academy last year.

3. She understood me well.

4. We discussed this problem at the meeting.

5. You came too late to the lecture.

4. Зразок: a) Will you come here tomorrow?

Yes, we will (we’ll). No, we will not (won’t).

b) Will he be here tomorrow?

Yes, he will. No, he will not (won’t).

1. Will you read this book in the original?

2. Will he his homework?

3. Will they work at the research Institute?

4. Will we visit this museum?

5. Will she write this composition tomorrow?

4. Утворіть речення за поданими зразками, вживаючи дієслова в Continuous Active.

Зверніть увагу на зворот “ to be going to do something” – збиратись щось робити.

1.Зразок: She will work at a large plant.

She is going to work at a large plant.

1. They will work in the field of cryogenics.

2. He will go to the concert in the evening.

3. I will (shall) meet my friends on Sunday.

4. We will (shall) write this English exercise.

5. She will listen to this lecturer.

2.Зразок: What are you going to do? – to read a book.

I am going to read a book.

1. What is he going to do? – to take his exam next week.

2. What are they going to do? – to translate this text.

3. What are we going to do? – to visit our parents on Sunday.

4. What are our students going to do? – to attend the lectures.

3. Зразок: What were you doing when I phoned? – to watch TV.

I was watching TV when you phoned.

1. What were you doing when we came? – to play chess.

2. What were they doing when it began to snow? – to walk in the park.

3. What was she doing when we entered the room? – to write a letter.

4. What was he doing when we came? – to work in the garden.

5. What was I doing when you came home? – to do homework.

4. Зразок: I am reading a newspaper now (every day).

I read newspapers every day.

1. We are having examination session now (twice a year).

2. It is 8 o’clock Peter is going to the University (every day).

3. She is playing the piano now (on Sunday).

4. I am returning from the library now (in the evening).

5. She is having her English lesson at the moment (three times a week).

5. Виберіть відповідний варіант дієслів, поданих у дужках.

Перекладіть речення.

1.Two men (talk / are talking) in the train “Are you (going / go) to professor Brown’s lecture this evening?” (says / say) one of them. “Yes”, (answer / answers) the other. “Don’t go. People (say / says) he (is / are) a very bad speaker”. “ I must go, (say / says) the other. “I (am / is) Brown”.

2. Henry Cavendish (was / were) born in 1731 and (die / died) in 1810. He (was / were) an English nobleman who (did / do) scientific experiments as a hobby. In 1781 he (makes / made) the important discovery that water ( was / were) not an element but a compound of the gases we now (call / called) hydrogen and oxygen. He (describe / described) his experiments to the Royal Society in 1785.

6.1. Визначте відповідне допоміжне дієслово:

1. Were … you study?

a) are; b) do; c) does

2. Who … listening to music now?

a) did; b) is; c) was

3. It … raining heavily.

a) does; b) are; c) is

4. When … he come back?

a) shall; b) will; c) do

5. We … meet him last week.

a) don’t; b) didn’t; c) aren’t

6.2. Знайдіть відповідне дієслово:

1. They always … newspapers in the evening.

a) read; b) reads; c) are reading

2. They … this problem at the moment.

a) discussed; b) discuss; c) are discussing

3. She generally … tennis very well

a) play; b) is playing; c) plays

4. But today she … very badly.

a) is playing; b) plays; c) play

5. We … at the library now.

a) work; b) works; c) are working

6.3. Доповніть речення:

1. I was preparing my homework when you … .

a) come in; b) came in; c) will come in

2. I was working in the garden when the phone … .

a) ring; b) rang; c) will ring

3. We were going home when it … .

a) begins to rain; b) was beginning to rain; c) began to rain

4. The students were reading the text when I … .

a) hear the bell; b) heard the bell; c) shall hear the bell

5. He was looking out of the window when we … .

a) enter the room; b) entered the room; c) were entering the room

6. She was looking through the newspaper when she … this advertisement.

a) see; b) sees; c)saw

Tenses Perfect / Perfect Continuous Active

7. Утворіть речення за поданими зразками.

Зверніть увагу на значення дієслова “ to have” та “ to have to” – мати щось робити.

1. Зразок: I have my dinner at home (you).

And where do you have your dinner?

1. He has his lectures at the Academy (she).

2. They have their holiday (I).

3. You have a new flat in Kyiv (he).

4. We have our collection at home (you).

5. She has her examinations there (they).

2. Зразок: We have (got) a new flat.

We had (got) a new flat.

We shall have (got) a new flat.

1. He has (got) a new car.

2. You have (got) a large family.

3. I have (got) a new English book.

4. She has (got) a brother.

5. They have (got) a well-equipped laboratory.

3. Зразок: They have many difficulties.

They are having many difficulties.

1. My sister has breakfast.

2. They have a rest in the hall.

3. I have this interesting book.

4. We have a talk with him.

5. He has a serious problem.

4. Зразок: He must help me with this experiment.

He has to help me with this experiment.

1. He must take part in the conference.

2. You must be careful about your grammar.

3. We must look through the recent papers.

4. They must check up the data.

5. She must present her paper in time.

8. Утворіть речення за поданими зразками.

Зверніть увагу на утворення та вживання часових форм Perfect Active

1.Зразок: He often writes letters to his parents.

He is writing a letter now.

He has already written his letter.

1. They often play chess after classes.

2. He does his homework in the evening.

3. We usually meet him at the Academy.

4. I go for a walk every day.

5. She gives her lectures on Friday.

2. Зразок: Ann has seen this film.

Has she seen this film?

Yes, she has. No, she has not (hasn’t).

1. They have passed their exams.

2. He has given the answer to my question.

3. We have translated this text.

4. Our friend has returned home.

5. You have finished your work.

3. Зразок: We will have passed all our exams by June 20.

Will you have passed all your exams by June 20?

Yes, we will. No, we will not (shan’t).

1. By 12 o’clock she will have finished her work.

2. You will have translated this text by tomorrow evening.

3. He will have returned the book to the library by the end of the month.

4. I will have read this book by tomorrow morning.

5. By the end of the term the students will have written test-papers in English.

4. Зразок: My sister learned English. She came to London.

My sister had learned English before she came to London.

1. She studied history. She entered the University.

2. I did this work. You asked me about it.

3. We came home. It began to rain.

4. He finished his work. We switched on TV.

5. We discussed this problem. My brother returned home.

9. Утворіть речення за поданими зразками, вживаючи Perfect Continuous Active.

1. Зразок: My brother began to do this exercise 20 minutes ago.

He is still doing it.

My brother has been doing this exercise for 20 minutes.

1. The teacher began to explain a new grammar material 15 minutes ago. He is still explaining it.

2. It began to snow 3 hours ago. It is still snowing.

3. I began to write this composition 2 hours ago. I am still writing it.

4. They began to talk 40 minutes ago. They are still talking.

5. She began to learn English 3 years ago. She is still learning it.

2. Зразок: He had been waiting for 20 minutes before I came.

How long had he been waiting before I came?

We had been playing chess for 40 minutes before my sister came.

1. You had been speaking over the phone for half an hour before we came.

2. He had been looking for the magazine for 20 minutes when his mother came.

3. The telephone had been ringing for several minutes when I entered the room.

4. He had been living in Odessa for 10 years when she came.

3. Зразок: I will have been playing the piano for an hour by 5 o’clock.

I will have been playing the piano for an hour before you come.

1. We shall have been working for three hours by 5 o’clock.

2. He will have been listening to music for 40 minutes by 2 o’clock.

3. They will have been learning English for 3 years by December.

4. I will have been training for 2 hours by 5 o’clock.

5. She will have been working in the garden for 2 hours by 4 o’clock.

4. Зразок: She is making an experiment for 2 hours (since 10 o’clock).

She has been making an experiment for 2 hours since 10 o’clock.

1. I am doing my English exercise for an hour (since breakfast).

2. He is waiting for a telephone call for 40 minutes (since 1 o’clock).

3. We are discussing this problem for 2 hours (since 10 o’clock).

4. You are writing a letter for an hour (since 9 o’clock)

5. They are working for 4 hours (since the morning).

10. Утворіть за допомогою поданих у дужках дієслів Perfect або Perfect Continuous. Перекладіть речення.

1. We have greatly (to change) our city.

2. We have been (to do) it by reconstructing its streets, squares, houses.

3. During the last years our city has been (to spread) out and (to change) its appearance.

4. The reconstruction has been (to go on) in a short period of time.

5. Many of the young builders who had been (to take part) in the construction of this Institute entered it as students.

- What you (to write)?

- I (to write) my composition. I (to write) it all morning and I (not finish) it yet.

- I (to finish) mine.

11.1. Визначте відповідну форму дієслова:

1. We … this device now.

a) tested;

b) are testing;

c) tests

2. By the end of 1898 these scientists … the element radium.

a) have discovered;

b) had discovered;

c) discovered

3. Scientists … this problem for 30 years by that time.

a) have studied;

b) had been studying;

c) studied

4. Electronics … already very important in production.

a) has become;

b) become;

c) was becoming

5. By this time tomorrow we shall … all the experimental part.

a) complete;

b) be completing;

c) have completed

11.2. Виберіть правильний варіант:

1. Scientists … properties of this element for a long time before their use.

a) will have been studying;

b) will study;

c) have studied

2. He … very interesting data by the end of the year.

a) has obtained;

b) was obtaining;

c) obtained

3. They … already this experiment.

a) have done;

b) did;

c) had done

4. You … at the Academy for 5 years.

a) have been studying;

b) are studying;

c) have studied

5. We … in Kyiv since September.

a) has been staying;

b) stay;

c) have been staying

11.3. Доповніть речення:

1. He had been parking his car for 20 minutes when we … .

a) come;

b) came;

c) shall come

2. He had been studying mathematics for 3 hours before I … .

a) come;

b) came;

c) shall come

3. They will have been playing chess for an hour before their parents … .

a) come;

b) came;

c) will come

4. The telephone had been ringing for several minutes when I … .

a) heard;

b) hear;

c) shall hear

5. She … TV for some hours since morning.

a) is watching;

b) has been watching;

c) has watched

6. We … this matter for 2 hours.

a) have been discussing;

b) have discussed;

c) discuss